Cannabis Chemicals

Cannabis Chemicals

Don't Forget the Terpenoids!

Don't Forget the Ternenoids

Don’t Forget the Terpenoids!


With medical cannabis gaining traction across the country, THC and CBD have been stealing the show – and they are certainly dazzling us. THC and CBD have so much medical efficacy that more people are turning away from their daily pharmaceuticals to discover what cannabis has to offer. Often forgotten in this mix are the Terpenoids.

Terpenoids are a class of chemical compounds that are used medically like alkaloids. Terpenes are hydrocarbons and terpenoids have been altered by oxidization. Although these terms are used interchangeably, a simple way to think of it is terpenes are wet, and terpenoids have been dried out. Unlike alkaloids their effects normally include low toxicity, lesser occurrence of side effects and are generally gentler on the patient.

Terpenoids are a large class of naturally occurring organic chemicals that come in thousands of variations. They contribute to scents, flavors and colors of plants; such as cinnamon and ginger. Many are valued for their herbal or medicinal properties as well as being anti-bacterial and providing analgesic effects; such as menthol, camphor, or eucalyptol. Allergic reaction to terpenoids or instances of intolerance are very uncommon. They are usually very compatible with cannabinoids, the “entourage effect” improves performance both directly and indirectly.

A quick intro to some common Cannabinoids


A quick intro to some common Cannabinoids

THC and CBD are the two most prominently discussed cannabinoids, but there are actually several more cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. Many are still being discovered and researched. To name a few there are: CBG, THC, THCV, CBN, CBD, CBC. All of these cannabinoids start off in their acid form, ex: CBGA, THCA, CBDA, CBCA. It is not until the introduction of heat in a process called decarboxylation that we get the cannabinoids that we are most familiar. The acid forms of these cannabinoids do have medical value but we are going to primarily focus on the already decarboxylated versions in this article.

CBG aka Cannabigerol is the primary cannabinoid from which all others derive. It is the first neurogenic compound found in cannabis. (The plant first makes CBGA and then converts it to into other cannabinoids, the three major branches are THCA, CBDA, CBCA)

Some medical properties attributed to CBG are:

  • Non-Psycho active
  • Anti-fungal
  • Bone Stimulant
  • Anti-proliferative (CBG has been reported to inhibit the growth of human epithelial cancer tumors
  • Probably the most intriguing and important of compounds found in the plant
  • Strongly regenerative compared to other cannabinoids
  • Down regulates scar tissue
  • Likely insomnia treatment

THC aka Tetrahydrocannabinol is thought to be the most psychoactive of all the cannabinoids and is largely attributed to having many beneficial medicinal properties. (THCA and its derivatives are the 1st most major branch of cannabinoids)

Some medicinal properties attributed to THC are:

High Ratings for THC

High Ratings for THC - Tetrahydrocannabinol and Cannabidiol

If you've been considering getting a medical marijuana recommendation from a physician, you may be wondering about the difference between medical and recreational marijuana.

When people speak about medical marijuana, they're talking about using the whole unprocessed plant or the chemicals contained within it to alleviate the symptoms of certain conditions or diseases. It’s important to note that the FDA does not approve or recognize the plant as a medicine.

The marijuana plant is comprised of over 100 chemicals, known as cannabinoids, with each of these having different effects on your body. The two main chemicals used in the medicinal application of marijuana are Tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC and Cannabidiol, or CBD ; the former produces the "high" and the latter does not produce any psychoactive effects.

However, just because medical cannabis is high in CBD, this doesn't necessarily mean it's low in THC. Why is that? THC in conjunction with other cannabinoids has shown to help people deal with mental and physical ailments.

To get to some interesting facts about the good benefits of THC refer to industry source "Green Flower" and this recent article: "8 Amazing Health Benefits of THC" written by Rachael Garland.


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